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CD25

Alias/Synonym: Mast Cell Differentiation

CPT Code: 88342

Includes:
Specimen Type, Preferred:
Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue
Specimen Type, Alternate:
Sample Quantity, Preferred:
1 block
2 slides
Sample Quantity, Minimum:
N/A
Transport Container:
Paraffin block
Unstained slides
Transport Temperature:
Room temperature
Collection Instructions:
Block and slide identifiers should be clearly written and match exactly with the specimen ID and specimen labeling as noted on the requisition.
Slides should be positively charged and cut at 3-4 microns for each stain/antibody ordered.
Specimen Stability:
N/A
Rejection Criteria:
No liquid specimens.
Uncharged slides
Clinical Significance:
CD25 antigen, the alpha subunit of interleukin-2 receptor, is a single-chain glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 55 kD. Following the activation of T cells interleukin-2 (IL-2) is rapidly synthesized and secreted. In response to this a subpopulation of T cells expresses high affinity receptors for IL-2. These cells proliferate, expanding the T cell population which is capable of mediating helper, suppressor and cytotoxic functions. IL-2 receptor is not exclusively found on T cells, and is reported to be expressed on HTLV-transformed T and B cells, EBV-transformed B cells, myeloid precursors and oligodendrocytes. It is absent on thymocytes, resting T cells, non-activated B cells and null cells. IL-2 receptor expression is reported to be associated with inflammatory and malignant conditions, lymphoid neoplasia, auto-immune diseases and allograft rejection. It is used as a marker of hairy cell leukemia and mast cell disease.
Limitations:
Turnaround Time:
1 day(s)
Reference Ranges:
N/A