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PD-1

Alias/Synonym: Programmed Death 1

CPT Code: 88342

Includes:
Specimen Type, Preferred:
Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue
Specimen Type, Alternate:
Sample Quantity, Preferred:
1 block
2 slides
Sample Quantity, Minimum:
N/A
Transport Container:
Paraffin block
Unstained slides
Transport Temperature:
Room temperature
Collection Instructions:
Block and slide identifiers should be clearly written and match exactly with the specimen ID and specimen labeling as noted on the requisition.
Slides should be positively charged and cut at 3-4 microns for each stain/antibody ordered.
Specimen Stability:
N/A
Rejection Criteria:
No liquid specimens.
Uncharged slides
Clinical Significance:
Programmed death-1 (PD-1) is expressed on activated T-cells, B-cells, and myeloid cells. Anti-PD-1 is a marker of angioimmunoblastic lymphoma and suggests a unique cell of origin for this neoplasm. Unlike CD10 and BCL6, PD-1 is expressed by few B-cells, so anti-PD-1 may be a more specific and useful diagnostic marker in angioimmunoblastic lymphoma. In addition, PD-1 expression provides evidence that angioimmunoblastic lymphoma is a neoplasm derived from germinal center-associated T-cells. PD-1 expression in angioimmunoblastic lymphoma lends further support to this model of T-cell oncogenesis, in which specific subtypes of T-cells may undergo neoplastic transformation and result in specific distinct histologic, immunophenotypic, and clinical subtypes of T-cell neoplasia. PD-1 also appears to be involved in tumor immune surveillance and is a target for immunotherapy in cancers including lung, melanoma and bladder cancer.
Limitations:
Turnaround Time:
1 day(s)
Reference Ranges:
N/A
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