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Gastrin

Alias/Synonym: G-Cells, Stomach

CPT Code: 88342

Includes:
Specimen Type, Preferred:
Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue
Specimen Type, Alternate:
Sample Quantity, Preferred:
1 block
2 slides
Sample Quantity, Minimum:
N/A
Transport Container:
Paraffin block
Unstained slides
Transport Temperature:
Room temperature
Collection Instructions:
Block and slide identifiers should be clearly written and match exactly with the specimen ID and specimen labeling as noted on the requisition.
Slides should be positively charged and cut at 3-4 microns for each stain/antibody ordered.
Specimen Stability:
N/A
Rejection Criteria:
No liquid specimens.
Uncharged slides
Clinical Significance:
Gastrin is a hormone whose main function when secreted by gastric antral/pyloric mucosa is to stimulate secretion of hydrochloric acid by the oxyntic mucosa. This hormone also acts as a mitogenic factor for gastrointestinal epithelial cells. Gastrin has two biologically active peptide forms: G34 and G17. They activate two different receptors: the CCK-1 receptor, which has low affinity for gastrin but high affinity for the related hormone cholecystokinin (CCK), and the CCK-2 receptor, which has high affinity for both gastrin and CCK and mediates the acid-secretory as well as the proliferative effects of gastrin. More recently, gastrin has been suggested to induce leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions and to have a pro-inflammatory effect.  Anti-gastrin stains G-cells of human antral/pyloric mucosa and cells producing gastrin or a structural gastrin analog as is seen in stomach; no staining of other cells or tissue types has been observed. This antibody is useful in classification of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors, and in the evaluation of gastric biopsies for possible autoimmune atrophic gastritis.
Limitations:
Turnaround Time:
1 day(s)
Reference Ranges:
N/A