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CD10

Alias/Synonym: Follicle Center B-cells, Endometrial Stromal and Myoepithelial Cells, CALLA

CPT Code: 88342

Includes:
Specimen Type, Preferred:
Formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue
Specimen Type, Alternate:
Sample Quantity, Preferred:
1 block
2 slides
Sample Quantity, Minimum:
N/A
Transport Container:
Paraffin block
Unstained slides
Transport Temperature:
Room temperature
Collection Instructions:
Block and slide identifiers should be clearly written and match exactly with the specimen ID and specimen labeling as noted on the requisition.
Slides should be positively charged and cut at 3-4 microns for each stain/antibody ordered.
Specimen Stability:
N/A
Rejection Criteria:
No liquid specimens.
Uncharged slides
Clinical Significance:
CD10 antigen, also called neprilysin, is a 100 kD cell surface metalloendopeptidase which inactivates a variety of biologically active peptides. It was initially identified as the common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA) and was thought to be tumor-specific. Subsequent studies, however, have shown that CD10 antigen is expressed on the surface of a wide variety of normal and neoplastic cells. In other lymphoid malignancies, CD10 antigen is reported to be expressed on cells of lymphoblastic, Burkitt's and follicular lymphomas. CD10 antigen has been identified on the surface of normal early lymphoid progenitor cells, immature B cells within adult bone marrow and germinal center B cells within lymphoid tissue. It is also expressed in various non-lymphoid cells and tissues (both normal and neoplastic), such as breast myoepithelial cells, bile canaliculi, fibroblasts, with especially high expression on the brush border of kidney and gut epithelial cells. (G. McIntosh et al. American Journal of Pathology. 154(1): 77-82 (1999)). It is useful to identify endometrial stroma in suspected endometriosis, and is helpful in distinguishing endometrial stromal nodules from smooth muscle tumors of the uterus.
Limitations:
Turnaround Time:
1 day(s)
Reference Ranges:
N/A